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Research article

Anaesthetic considerations in gastroschisis repair at a tertiary care hospital

Authors:

Raksha Kundal,

Lady Harding Medical College, Delhi, IN
About Raksha
Associate Professor, Department of Anaesthesia
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Neelam Dogra ,

SMS Medical College, Jaipur, IN
About Neelam
Professor, Department of Anaesthesia
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Vijay Kumar Kundal

Ram Manohar Lohiya Hospital, Delhi, IN
About Vijay Kumar
Professor, Department of Paediatric Surgery
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Abstract

Gastroschisis is congenital anomaly characterized by a defect in the anterior abdominal wall with evisceration of abdominal contents. Choice of anaesthesia for its repair varies from conventional general anaesthesia with opioids for analgesia, general anaesthesia along with regional techniques like spinal and caudal blocks or sole regional anaesthesia.

 

Aims -To retrospectively analyze various techniques used for anaesthetic management of gastroschisis repair surgery in our institute and compare outcome of patients in terms of extubation time and requirement of postoperative mechanical ventilation.

 

Material and Methods -Eighty-two cases operated for gastroschisis in our hospital over a period of four years were retrospectively analyzed in terms of age, sex, gestation, type of surgical procedure and anaesthesia techniques. Time of extubation and requirement of postoperative mechanical ventilation was compared between general anaesthesia and regional anesthesia group.

 

Results – Seventy-two cases were with 28 patients in general anaesthesia group and 44 patients in regional group. Out of 14 term neonates 2 needed post-operative ventilation in regional group. 6 out of 10 term neonates needed postoperative ventilation in opioid group. Among preterm neonates 12 out of 30 needed post operative ventilation in regional group and all 18 needed postoperative ventilation in opioid group. In both term as well as preterm patients, regional group had faster extubation rate and lesser need of postoperative ventilation when compared to general anaesthesia group. Difference was statistically significant.

 

Conclusion- We conclude that use of regional blocks along with general anaesthesia is safe and effective for management of neonates with gastroschisis presenting for primary repair.

How to Cite: Kundal, R., Dogra, N. and Kundal, V.K., 2019. Anaesthetic considerations in gastroschisis repair at a tertiary care hospital. Sri Lankan Journal of Anaesthesiology, 27(2), pp.115–119. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/slja.v27i2.8402
Published on 16 Jul 2019.
Peer Reviewed

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