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Reading: Sedation practices in intensive care units at National Hospital of Sri Lanka

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Sedation practices in intensive care units at National Hospital of Sri Lanka

Authors:

Dilshan Priyankara ,

Senior Registrar in Critical Care Medicine National Hospital of Sri Lanka, LK
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Edirisooriya Maddumage Manoj,

National Hospital of Sri Lanka, LK
About Edirisooriya
Consultant Intensivist
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Nelum Samarutilake

Ministry of Health, LK
About Nelum
Senior registrar in Community Medicine
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Abstract

There is a marked variation in the use of sedation practices in ICUs worldwide. There is no data on sedation practices in Sri Lankan ICUs. This study was conducted to evaluate sedation practices in intensive care units at National Hospital of Sri Lanka (NHSL) with special emphasis on the use of sedation guidelines, scoring systems, practice of sedation interval and the choice of pharmacological agents. A tick-box questionnaire was used to obtain data from the medical officers in-charge of seven intensive care units at National Hospital of Sri Lanka. Only 4 (57.1 %) ICUs at NHSL use a sedation scale. Ramsay sedation scale and Richmond Agitation Sedation Scale (RASS) is used equally by the ICUs. Only 2 (28%) ICUs had a written sedation guideline and 5 (71.6%) ICUs practice daily “sedation hold”. None of the ICUs audit their sedation practices. Midazolam and morphine are the frequently used drugs for sedation and analgesia respectively. The choice of sedating agent was mainly influenced by the duration of action than the cost of the drug.

Our survey revealed that the current sedation practices in the ICUs need improvement. Use of a written sedation guideline, use of a sedation scale and auditing of sedation practices should be encouraged to improve patient outcomes. We believe that there is an urgent need to implement a national guideline for sedation practices in ICUs in Sri Lanka.

How to Cite: Priyankara, D., Manoj, E.M. & Samarutilake, N., (2017). Sedation practices in intensive care units at National Hospital of Sri Lanka. Sri Lankan Journal of Anaesthesiology. 25(2), pp.94–98. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/slja.v25i2.8241
Published on 05 Jul 2017.
Peer Reviewed

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