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Clinical Investigations

General anaesthesia induction using general anaesthetic agents and opioid analgesics increases Perfusion Index (PI) and decreases Pleth Variability Index (PVI): Observational clinical study

Authors:

Ju Mizuno ,

Department of Anesthesiology and the Intensive Care Unit, Teikyo University School of Medicine, JP
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Yoshihisa Morita,

Department of Anesthesiology and the Intensive Care Unit, Teikyo University School of Medicine, JP
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Akihito Kakinuma,

Department of Anesthesiology and the Intensive Care Unit, Teikyo University School of Medicine, JP
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Shigehito Sawamura

Department of Anesthesiology and the Intensive Care Unit, Teikyo University School of Medicine, JP
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Abstract

Background: General anaesthesia induction using general anaesthetic agents and opioid analgesics induces significant changes in peripheral vascular physiology and sympathetic/parasympathetic tone, thereby affecting peripheral perfusion, as observed by changes in the pulse oximetry plethysmographic waveform. Pulse CO-Oximetry® continuously and non-invasively computes Perfusion Index (PI), a measure of peripheral perfusion, and Pleth Variability Index (PVI), a measure of dynamic changes in PI during a complete respiratory cycle. In this observational clinical study, we investigated the changes in PI and PVI using Pulse COOximetry ® during general anaesthesia induction.

Methods: We prospectively recorded PI and PVI from the time before oxygen administration to that before tracheal tube or laryngeal mask insertion in 21 adult patients undergoing general anaesthesia with general anaesthetic agents and opioid analgesics for elective surgeries.

Results: General anaesthesia induction significantly increased PI from 2.1 ± 1.7 to 3.8 ± 2.3 (p < 0.001) and significantly decreased PVI from 22.9 ± 8.1 to 17.1 ± 7.2 (p < 0.05). Conclusion: PI and PVI may be useful for monitoring changes in peripheral vasodilation and sympathetic tone during general anaesthesia.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4038/slja.v20i1.3664 

Sri Lankan Journal of Anaesthesiology 20(1): 7-12 (2012)  

DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/slja.v20i1.3664
How to Cite: Mizuno, J. et al., (2012). General anaesthesia induction using general anaesthetic agents and opioid analgesics increases Perfusion Index (PI) and decreases Pleth Variability Index (PVI): Observational clinical study. Sri Lankan Journal of Anaesthesiology. 20(1), pp.7–12. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/slja.v20i1.3664
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Published on 21 Apr 2012.
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